Diabetes can strike at any age.

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As shown in the graph from the Center for Disease Control below it is evident that childhood diabetes is on the rise in the United States.
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The most typical type to look for in children is type one. This is not to say that type two is not of concern, it just typically appears more in the late twenties to thirties. Let’s consider the risk factors and preventative measures of both types to make sure your child is covered:

Risk Factors of Type One Diabetes:

Family History: Anyone with a parent or siblings with type one diabetes has a slightly increased risk of developing the condition.

Genetic Susceptibility: The presence of certain genes indicates an increased risk of developing type one diabetes.

Race: In the United States, type one diabetes is more common among non-Hispanic white children than among other races.

Risk Factors of Type two Diabetes:

  • Not active
  • Overweight
  • Other family members with type two diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • African American
  • Hispanic American
  • American Indian
  • Asian American

Environmental Risk Factors of both types:

Certain Viruses: Exposure to various viruses may trigger the autoimmune destruction of the islet cells.

Diet: No specific dietary factor or nutrient in infancy has been shown to play a role in the development of diabetes. However, early intake of cow’s milk has been linked to an increased risk of type one diabetes, while breast-feeding might lower the risk. The timing of the introduction of cereal into a baby’s diet also may affect a child’s risk of type one diabetes.

Signs it is Time to take your Child to see a Healthcare Provider:

  • If your child feels sick, tired, sleepy and thirsty
  • Goes to the bathroom to urinate frequently; gets up at night to urinate
  • Has no energy to play, work or have fun
  • Has blurry vision

The diagnosis of diabetes can be overwhelming considering it requires consistent care, medication and monitoring, but with adapting a healthy lifestyle of exercise, diet and taking the proper medication the disease becomes far easier to manage. If your child has the risk factors but has not been diagnosed take preventative measures to ensure they stay in good health and diabetes free!

To schedule a consultation please call us at 614.299.9909 today!

 

#mdcare4you, #osudoc
Source: Mayoclinic.com, Center for Disease Control (photo)

 

 

Signs of a Stroke

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A stroke occurs when the blood supply to your brain is interrupted or reduced. This deprives your brain of oxygen and nutrients, which can cause your brain cells to die. A stroke may be caused by a blocked artery or the leaking or bursting of a blood vessel. Some people may experience only a temporary disruption of blood flow to their brain. A stroke can sometimes cause temporary or permanent disabilities, depending on how long the brain lacks blood flow and which part was affected.

It is critical to act immediately if you suspect a stroke. Call 911 right away. Don’t wait to see if symptoms go away. Every minute counts. The longer a stroke goes untreated, the greater the potential for brain damage and disability. Emergency crews and staff have had success in treating strokes, but the essential element is immediate treatment.

Symptoms

Symptoms that you or another may have experienced a stroke include:

  • Numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg.
  • Confusion or trouble speaking or understanding others.
  • Trouble seeing in one or both eyes.
  • Dizziness, trouble walking, or loss of balance or coordination.
  • Sudden severe headache with no known cause.

Prevention

Healthy Diet. Choosing healthy meal and snack options can help you prevent stroke. Be sure to eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. Eating foods low in saturated fats, trans fat, and cholesterol and high in fiber can help prevent high cholesterol. Limiting salt (sodium) in your diet can also lower your blood pressure. High cholesterol and high blood pressure increase your chances of having a stroke.

Healthy Weight. Being overweight or obese increases your risk for stroke.

Physical Activity. Physical activity can help you stay at a healthy weight and lower your cholesterol and blood pressure levels. For adults, the Surgeon General recommends two hours and 30 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic physical activity, such as a brisk walk, each week. Children and teens should get one hour of physical activity every day.

No Smoking. Cigarette smoking greatly increases your chances of having a stroke. If you don’t smoke, don’t start. If you do smoke, quitting will lower your risk for stroke. Your doctor can suggest ways to help you quit.

Limited Alcohol. Avoid drinking too much alcohol, which can raise your blood pressure. Men should have no more than two drinks per day, and women only one.

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No Need to Suffer Allergies and Stress

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Oh, these beautiful warm spring days. Beautiful fruit and ornamental trees and flowers are bursting into bloom filling the air with fragrance and…ACHOO…pollen. For those of us who suffer seasonal allergies, spring can mean sneezing, congestion, and a runny nose.

Our friends at the Mayo Clinic have some suggestions to ease the misery for allergy sufferers.

The best time to be outdoors is right after a rain. The rain clears the air of pollen. Warm dry days can really aggravate those symptoms.

As much as you may enjoy and look forward to mowing the yard and working in the garden, those tasks should be delegated to someone else to avoid allergy irritants. Consider wearing a pollen mask if you have no choice about mowing and weed pulling.

Your local weather forecasts also include pollen measurements to help you plan your outdoor activities, and particularly the days to remain in an air-conditioned environment. The hot muggy days of summer often result in smog and air quality reports – another factor to consider when taking steps to avoid allergic irritants.

As with many physical ailments, the misery and discomfort resulting from allergic reactions can contribute to higher stress levels. Do not despair. Managing your allergies utilizing the suggestions above, in addition to the many ways you can alleviate allergic reactions by reducing your exposure are positive steps you can take to improve your overall health and reduce the stress that results from feeling poorly.

Dr. Schumacher and his medical team can provide you with the evaluation and care you need to identify your allergies and recommend treatment tailored for your relief. Give us a call today for an appointment. We are here for you, not the other way around.

#OSUdoc, #Mdcare4you

How Can You Tell if Your Kidneys are Healthy? And Keep Them Healthy?

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Did you know that the health of your kidneys affects how the rest of your body functions? The kidneys are crucial to maintaining the stability of your blood, which helps the body function properly. So, what are key reasons that you may need to check your kidneys?

  • If you have high blood pressure, diabetes and/or heart disease. Chronic disease can have a detrimental affect on the kidneys, so regular blood and urine testing is in the best interest of someone diagnosed with the aforementioned conditions.
  • If you have a family history of kidney disease and/or failure. This should be a no-brainer, but any person with a history of kidney failure in their family should have their kidneys checked regularly to ensure they are functioning properly.

There are a lot of preventative steps you can take to safeguard the health of your kidneys. Here are some of the most recommended steps:

  • If regularly prescribed medication by your physician, take only the recommended amount prescribed.
  • Minimize doses of NSAID’s (Aleve and Ibuprofen) prescriptions  such as mobic
    (Meloxicam or Codine).
  • Reduce salt intake back on salt – consume less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium each day.
  • Eat heart-healthy foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy foods.
  • Limit your alcohol intake.
  • Maintain regular physical activity.
  • If you are overweight, take measures to lose excess weight.
  • If you are a smoker, quit. Cigarette smoking can worsen existing kidney damage.
  • If taking over-the-counter medications, do not take more than the recommended dosage.
  • If consuming supplements and/or adhering to herbal remedies, use caution. Excessive amounts may be harmful to kidney function.

In short the basic rule of thumb to ensure kidney health is: the healthier your body, the better your kidneys will function.

#OSUdoc, #Mdcare4you

References

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

Urinary and Kidney Team.

Minimize your risk for cancer

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Cancer can be a frightening disease, but if you and your loved ones take simple precautions, you will both reduce your risk of cancer and increase detection of early signs of cancer. Treatment for cancer is most effective when detected early, which means it is important for you to pay attention to changes in your health and body. Recommended changes in behavior are simple, but are most effective when implemented regularly.

What are some of the basic lifestyle changes your can make to reduce your risk of cancer?

  • Avoid smoking and tobacco use. This is an obvious one, but still important, as smoking and tobacco use result in almost 30 percent of all cancer deaths.
  • The food we consume influences more than the numbers on our scales, it also affects the likelihood of prostate and colon cancers. High fiber intake especially reduces the risk of colon cancer.
  • Even if you do not lose weight, regular exercise has been shown to reduce the risk of colon, prostate, breast, and reproductive cancers.
  • Limit alcohol intake. If you are a regular drinker, stick to one-to-two drinks per day. Excessive drinking can increase likelihood of mouth, larynx, esophageal, liver, and colon cancers. Women who drink excessively are also more vulnerable to breast cancer.
  • Regular medical care. In addition to regular screenings with your physician, regular self-examination increases the chances of early discovery and, therefore, introduction of treatment.
  • Skin protection. Skin cancer may be one of the most common kinds of cancer, but it is also one of the most preventable. Regular use of sunscreen combined with avoidance of tanning beds and/or sunlamps has been proven to reduce the likelihood of skin cancer.

As is true with most areas of individual health, your active participation in cancer prevention is critical. If you see or feel a change in your physical health, do not panic, but do schedule an appointment with your primary care physician. Even if it results in being a minor issue, you will be relieved to know that you took the necessary steps to prevent and detect cancer.

#MDcare4you,#OSUdoc, #grandviewdoc

 

 

 

 

Sources: https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/dcpc/prevention/.

http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/in-depth/cancer-prevention/art-20044816.

http://www.health.harvard.edu/newsletter_article/The-10-commandments-of-cancer-prevention.

Achieve a fit lifestyle by starting with three simple tips

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Most all of us want to improve our fitness and health in one way or another and the beginning of a new year is a good time to begin a plan to get fit – or, get back on track. It’s a tough task to sift through all the information out there on how to do this and figure the best ways to reach your goals. But if you start with three main areas to attack, your goals won’t be as overwhelming you’ll make progress and then may even be ready to add more objectives to a “Get Fit” plan.

Tip #1: Get a good night’s sleep

It’s possible you may be worn out and not feeling great because you’re not getting enough sleep. For the body to function at its best, the National Sleep Foundation points out adults need about seven to nine hours of sleep per day while children (ages 12-18) need eight to nine hours of sleep. You may not be able to control all the factors that interfere with nighttime rest but if you keep these habits in mind you will be encouraging yourself to have a better sleep:

  • Stick to a sleep schedule – Go to bed and get up at the same time each day, if possible. Being consistent reinforces the body’s sleep-wake cycle and helps promote better sleep.
  • Pay attention to what you eat and drink. Don’t go to bed either too full or hungry. Nicotine, caffeine and alcohol can disrupt sleep too so use cautiously!
  • Create a bedtime ritual and do the same things each night when it’s time to sleep. Relaxing activities like listening to soothing music or reading a book (works for adults and children!) are good choices.

Tip #2: Add more fruits and vegetables to your family’s diet

This one is simple to remember. Just reach for the produce in the grocery store, and if you can’t make it to the produce aisle, frozen fruits and veggies are good options too! Did you know that people who eat more vegetables and fruits as part of an overall healthy diet are likely to have a reduced risk of some chronic diseases? Vegetables provide nutrients vital for health and maintenance of your body. Here are just some of the great benefits you will be providing for your family if you add vegetables and fruits to any meal:

  • Diets rich in potassium may help to maintain healthy blood pressure. Some vegetable sources of potassium include sweet potatoes, white potatoes, white beans and tomato products.
  • Dietary fiber from vegetables helps reduce blood cholesterol levels and may lower risk of heart disease.
  • Eating a diet rich in some vegetables and fruits as part of an overall healthy diet may protect against certain types of cancers.

Tip #3: Try to exercise and incorporate cross training

Some exercise is better than none, so please try incorporate what you can into your daily routine. However, if you are connected to only one exercise routine you could might think you’ve got the physical fitness part of your life figured, but you’re only working certain muscles and probably less fit that you think. Here are a few ideas to mix up your exercise routine:

  • If running or walking has been your only activity, an idea for better fitness could include strengthening exercises for the pelvis and hips as well as weight workouts to build the upper body.
  • If you’ve been doing only weight lifting routines, add a cardio workout (walking or running on a treadmill) to your plan.
  • The good news is cross training doesn’t even require specific exercises. As long as you create variation in your activity, you are cross training!

The most important thing you can do on your way to becoming more fit this year is to just get started by adding a few healthy rituals to your life. These suggestions, approved by your doctor, should get you going and soon they’ll become top priority because you should see progress in becoming more fit in 2017!

Sources: WebMD; choosemyplate.gov; myoclonic; National Sleep Foundation

10 tips to make your holiday gift-giving safe for children

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‘Tis the season for gift giving for your little ones. Did you know that there are more than 250,000 toy-related injuries in the United States each year—mostly involving children under the age of 5?

If you are among the millions purchasing gifts for children for the holidays, it’s important to make sure that the gifts are both safe and appropriate for the children to whom they will be received.

We know that toys are meant to provide education and fun for children of any age, however, many people too often forget that they can also provide a great deal of danger. Depending on the toy, injuries can happen to the child’s eyes, mouth, throat, neck, ears, arms or legs.

Finding age-appropriate toys at times can be a challenge, especially if the child is asking for a gift that it not yet their part of their age group. But, all labels and instructions should always be followed.

When shopping for gifts this holiday season, please reference these toy safety tips to keep everyone safe:

  • Buy gifts only meant for their age group
  • Show the child how to safely use their toy
  • Never leave a child unattended with toys. Children tend to become curious, which may lead to an unexpected accident.
  • Always read all warnings and instructions on toys
  • Don’t be afraid to give family members recommendations for toys that you feel are acceptable for your child.
  • Do not gift toys with small parts to young children. Younger kids tend to put just about everything in their mouths, so small parts and cords leads to a greater risk for potential harm.
  • Avoid toys that are cheaply made, because often this leads to them breaking into small pieces.
  • Inspect all toys before giving them to a child
  • Keep toys that are intended for older children away from younger children.

With a little research, a little common sense and a lot of supervision, you can make sure that you keep the happy and healthy in your holidays.

Sources: L afcweb.com; babycenter.com; injuryinformation.com

Eight early symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease

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Research shows that Alzheimer’s is a complex neurological disease where brain cells die and causes memory and cognitive loss. The disease, which starts mild and then advances to worse, is known for being the most common form of dementia.

Unfortunately in the United States, more than five million people suffer from the disease and more than 10 million provide care to someone who is suffering.

We complied a list of common symptoms to look for if you believe that a loved one is developing Alzheimer’s:

  • Are they experiencing memory loss? Often, one of the most common early symptoms of dementia is forgetting recently learned information. Usually the person starts to forget more often and is unable to remember the information later.
  • Do they have problems with performing familiar tasks? This usually begins to happen with everyday tasks, such as forgetting how to make a telephone call, how to cook a meal, etc.
  • Are they having difficulty with language? One who is developing Alzheimer’s will begin to forget simple words or substitute words.
  • Have you noticed them having disorientation to time and place? You will begin to notice big changes, such as them getting lost in their own neighborhood or forgetting where they are and then not knowing how to get home. You may also find them just wandering.
  • Has their judgment decreased? It’s very important to look for this. Too many times someone who is developing Alzheimer’s will lose their best judgment and end up giving large sums of money away. It is also common for them to begin dressing inappropriately.
  • Have they began to misplace items? The person may begin to place objects in unusual places, such as their phone in the refrigerator or placing their laundry in the trash.
  • Do you notice a sudden change in mood behaviors or personality? Someone who is developing Alzheimer’s may begin to experience very noticeable mood swings that are caused by no apparent reason.
  • Is there a loss of initiative? They may begin to lose interest in their favorite activities or begin to sleep more than usual. It’s important to look for signs of them beginning to become very passive.

If you feel that a loved one is developing these symptoms, please call Dr. Schumacher at (614) 299-9909 to set up an appointment to discuss treatment options.

For a additional resource read the 36 hour day book by Nancy Mace.

#mdcare4you,#grandviewdoc,#alzheimers, #OSUdoc

 

 

Tips to deal with bullying

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Did you know? One out of every four students reports being bullied during the school year.

Research shows that children who are bullied are more likely feel like they are alone, different, powerless and unpopular.

In 2006, PACER National Bullying Prevention Center declared October as National Bullying Prevention Month. The campaign works to unite communities nationwide to raise awareness of bullying prevention. Throughout the last 10 years, the campaign has involved hundreds of schools and organizations that have signed on as partners. Some of the partners are Disney, CNN, Facebook, Instagram, TLC and Yahoo!.

The campaign helps both parents and kids understand that bullying is never acceptable. Research shows that children who bully do it because they think the bullying will help them be popular, they want to copy their friends or they think they are better than the child they are bullying.

Bullying is no longer just being mean to another child. Today bullying can include:

  • Cyberbullying
  • Teasing
  • Spreading rumors
  • Leaving kids out on purpose
  • Physically attacking
  • Yelling at the child
  • Talking about hurting the child

If you suspect that your child is being bullied, some common signs to look for include:

  • Experiencing low self-esteem
  • Having poor grades
  • Isolating themselves so they have only a few friends
  • Developing a negative view of school and education
  • Experiencing physical symptoms, such as feeling sick, headaches, tiredness, etc.
  • Experiencing mental health issues, such as anxiety, depression and suicidal thoughts

Most kids who are bullied believe the bully is more powerful than they are. Children who are bullied can also have problems later in life, which can include alcohol and drug abuse, dropping out of school and getting into fights.

If you or someone you know is being bullied, call Dr. Schumacher at (614) 299-9909 to discuss options.

 

Sources: Stompoutbullying.org and Pacer.org

How vaccinations save millions of lives

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Research shows that vaccines have been one of the most effective preventive health interventions ever created. For more than two centuries, humans have been benefitting from immunizations.

We wanted to highlight a few of childhood diseases that are preventable through immunizations. It is recommended for children to be vaccinated for these up through the age of six:

  • Diphtheria
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Meningococcal
  • Varicella
  • Rubella
  • Mumps
  • Measles
  • Influenza
  • Polio
  • Pneumococcal
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b
  • Pertussis
  • Tetanus

It is important for children to receive immunizations. This helps their bodies recognize germs as antigens (“foreign invaders”), which signals the body to produce antibodies to fight them. The immune system eventually builds up immunity, meaning if they get infected again, even as an adult, the body remembers the antigen and is able to produce antibodies faster.

Vaccinations can be used to help children build immunity without them getting ill first. Vaccines contain dead or modified viruses that connect cause with the disease but the body recognizes them as the disease. This allows the body to respond quickly and prevent any attacks by that disease.

In addition to children, it is also necessary for all adults to be up-to-date with vaccinations—to ensure that they stay protected from illnesses, such as pneumonia and the flu. It is always safer to prevent illnesses and diseases than to treat it after it occurs. It also helps to protect others who immune memory may have faded from catching the disease.

If you or someone you know needs an appointment for vaccines, or for all back-to-school/sports physicals, please contact Dr. Schumacher by contacting (614) 299-9909.