Individuals who suffer from type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes know all too well what it feels like to include extra tasks into their daily routine.
Today in the United States, there are almost 30 million children and adults who have diabetes, with another 86 million Americans who have prediabetes.
But, what many people don’t realize is that diabetes is one of the leading causes of disability and death in the United States—killing more individuals than what AIDS and breast cancer combined yearly. And, if it is not controlled, can eventually cause blindness, nerve damage, kidney disease, as well as many other health problems.
The first type of diabetes is type 1. Individuals who have type 1 have to take insulin injections daily, because their body can’t make enough insulin.
The second type of diabetes is type 2. People with type 2 are diagnosed, because their body isn’t using insulin well, and they are unable to keep blood sugar at normal levels. Type 2 diabetes is more common than type 1 diabetes, with 9 out of 10 people having type 2 diabetes.
The third type of diabetes is gestational diabetes, which occurs while a female is pregnant.
November is American Diabetes Month, so that means this month it is especially important to be alert, educated and be willing to create awareness because so often diabetes develops gradually. It is important to recognize early warning signs and take effective action to prevent measures as early as possible, that way prediabetes doesn’t have a greater chance of developing into diabetes. Common symptoms to notice include:
Changing vision: A sudden change in vision should be taken very seriously. A potential sign of diabetes can include improved or worsen vision.
Snoring: An individual can snore while sleeping for a variety of reasons, however, if snoring is occurring to the point that it wakes the individual or others, that could mean it’s a sign of diabetes.
Extreme fatigue: If an individual is feeling fatigued, even with adequate sleep, this can signal a potential sign of diabetes. Common reasons for this include the excessive urination that happens and the body’s inability to process sugar properly.
Slow-healing bruises and cuts: If minor cuts or bruises tend to be lingering longer than usual this, too, can signal diabetes. This happens because of the excess glucose in the blood that reduces the effectiveness of white blood cells.
Increased itchiness: An individual suffering from diabetes often experiences skin problems, because diabetes hinders blood circulation. Symptoms include dryness and extreme itchiness.
Frequent colds: A worsened immune system is common due to the reduced effectibility of white blood cells. So, for anyone who is experiencing cold after cold, it could mean more than just a bad base of the winter blues.
Unexplained weight loss: For anyone who is losing weight without cutting calories or hitting the gym, this could mean that diabetes is preventing sugars from reaching their cells and their body is not receiving the nutrition it needs.
Decreased hearing ability: If any individual is has to turn up the volume more than usual, it could be a sign of unhealthy glucose levels.
Increased need for hydration: A person with diabetes also has a sudden need for liquids.
Tingling extremities: For anyone experiencing a mild tingling sensation, it could be a sign of high blood sugar, which is also a sign of diabetes.
Excessive trips to the bathroom: Diabetes sufferers tend to find themselves taking several bathroom breaks over the course of the day, and always with a full bladder.
Being diagnosed with diabetes can be difficult, and may require extra daily work. However, knowing how to manage diabetes can make a huge difference. And, that’s what this month is about—making a difference by letting your friends, family and the general public know that with proper care, individuals can still lead an active and enjoyable life.
If you suspect that you or someone you know is suffering from prediabetes or diabetes, please call Dr. Schumacher, M.D.,
at (614) 299-9909 to set up an appointment.
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